While there are multiple options for swelling and pain in the hands and feet, arthritis is among the most most common cause.
The term "arthritis" emanates from the Greek and incapability "joint inflammation". It refers to around 100 different diseases that creates pain, swelling, and stiffness during joints. Joints are the place where the ends of long skeletal system connect and interact. The final of each bone from your joint has a lanky layer of cartilage which one held in place through what ligaments, tendons, and muscles. A joint is chalked with synovial tissue (synovium) which helps to nourish the merged. It is the synovium that can becomes inflamed in osteo arthritis.
Arthritis may also affect other supporting structures around joints such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, and they also bones. Some serious there are many arthritis can affect internal organs.
The common symptoms of arthritis are due to inflammation (swelling, heat, irritability, pain):
o Swelling in different joints
o Stiffness in the joints morning or with prolonged inactivity
o Joint Pain or perhaps tenderness
o Restricted mobility around joints
o Warmth or redness
Diagnosing arthritis can often be difficult because some symptoms could be common to many different diseases. A rheumatologist will naturally do a complete normal exam, looking for clues. The eyes, ears, nasal, throat, heart, lungs, and other body parts will be examined plus the joints. Lab tests and imaging procedures even x-ray, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is as well ordered.
The most common forms of arthritis are:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is often called Degenerative Joint Disease. This is the same old type of arthritis. With affects the hands, it can lead to painful swelling in your past row (Heberden's nodes) and finished middle row (Bouchards nodes) of curiosity finger joints. In the feet it will happen to the toe joints including mid-foot. This disease affects cartilage, the tissue that pads and protects the ends of bones in a really joint. With osteoarthritis, the cartilage starts to wear away prematurely. The swelling of learn a fingers and toes can lead to bony deformity.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may well be an autoimmune disease; the body's defence mechanism (defense mechanism against infection) trojans normal tissues. This autoimmune reaction causes inflammation individuals synovium. RA symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling, rapid the loss of joint function, and serious. When severe, rheumatoid arthritis can also affect internal organs. This is the specific arthritis that most predominantly causes severe inflammation the responsibility of and feet.
Rheumatoid arthritis is invariably symmetric- one side of the classic bodt being affected while other.
Fibromyalgia is a constant disease characterized by generalized agony. The pain is by using stiffness that is worst morning but tends to last for keeps. Patients may have near by tender points occurring in the muscles groups, particularly in the neck, spine, shoulders, and body. These tender points are called trigger points. Fatigue and sleep disturbances may additionally occur. There is subjective irritation along with pain in the hands and feet.
Gout and pseudogout are inflammatory there are many arthritis due to debris of crystals in joints and other body tissues. Uric acid definitely makes the culprit in gout and calcium pyrophosphate would certainly be villain in pseudogout. Both diseases cause uneasy attacks of arthritis affecting the hands and feet.
Infectious arthritis is somewhat arthritis caused by either bacteria or viruses. A somewhat common form of infected arthritis is Lyme virus. Infectious forms of arthritis cause swelling and pain in the possession of and feet. A diagnosis which happens to be difficult to establish. Antibiotics are occasionally used to treat bacterial infectious arthritis.
Reactive arthritis is a keen autoimmune arthritis that develops after one has an infection in manufacturer new urinary tract or intestine. This problem is also known as Reiter's disease. People who has got this disease often will provide eye inflammation (iritis), skin breakouts, and mouth sores. Inflammatory arthritis involving the hands and feet leading to a toe or finger that appears like a sausage (dactylitis) is common.
Psoriatic arthritis. Some can provide homeowners psoriasis also have joint pain. This disease often affects the hands and feet. It is usually uneven. It also causes deformity of the screws (onycholysis) that is often misdiagnosed currently being fungal problem. Sometimes the spine- fretboard and low back-can be misersble. As with Reiter's malady, dactylitis often occurs.
Systemic lupus erythematosus can also be a autoimmune disease. Lupus could affect many organ systems which include the joints, skin, kidneys, bronchi, blood vessels, heart, and everything brain. This is a factor in swelling and pain involving the hands and feet.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an extremely common type of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis affecting children. It can cause pain, stiffness, swelling, and health problems function in the connections. A patient can in addition have rashes and fevers this particular disease. Hands, wrists, shins, and feet are continually be affected.
Polymyalgia rheumatica. Consist of pain, aching, and morning stiffness within the shoulders, hips, thighs, and everything neck. It is sometimes the primary sign of giant phone call arteritis, an inflammatory disease toward the arteries characterized by headaches, scalp tenderness, weakness, weight loss, and fever. The hands and feet may be affected although less often than other joints. A handy erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sed rate), a blood test that measures inflammation, is referred to greatly elevated.
Bursitis is inflammation toward the bursae- the small, fluid-filled sacs which cushion joints. The inflammation may accompany arthritis during an joint or injury or infection regarding bursae. Bursitis produces pain and tenderness and can limit the movement regarding joints.
Tendinitis is inflammation correlated tendons (the fibrous mains cables of tissue that talking muscles to bones) attributable to overuse, injury, or arthritis. Tendinitis produces pain and tenderness and can restrict movement of structures.
Not all conditions that induce symptoms of pain and swelling in the possession of and feet are outside of arthritis. Here are a good deal more non-arthritis causes...
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a disorder that is due to excessive production of red blood cells, dunkelhrrutige blood cells, and platelets. Some patients with PV won't have any symptoms at each of them is, but many will the inescapable fact easy bruising or bleeding with minimal trauma. In addition has, the blood may become thick, causing it to clot in tiny leg veins. If clotting does occur in the small blood vessels considering the fingers and toes, the patient may experience numbness but it also burning. Swelling and pain in the possession of and feet may are frequently occur.
Some medical affairs cause edema... swelling toward the hands, ankles, feet, face, abdomen, or other body parts. Swelling is most often seen the responsibility of, in the feet, or about the eyes. The swelling often is painful.
Edema is due marketing campaign excessive fluid accumulation. It as a result of abnormal kidney function, constant kidney disease, congestive heart, varicose veins, phlebitis, aminoacids or thiamine deficiency, salt retention, or cancer.
Other foundation edema are pregnancy, standing for long a time, premenstrual syndrome, oral birth control, an injury (sprain), an under active thyroid (low thyroid), anemia, adrenal illness, deficiencies of potassium and B vitamins, or allergic reactions.
The cause of the edema goods determined. Diagnoses such as congestive heart issues, kidney disease, or liver disease should be ruled back out.
Insect stings can lead to swelling and pain the responsibility of and feet. The same which type of reaction may occur overall medications, such as penicillin nicely sulfa. This is deemed serum sickness.
Acromegaly serves as a disease where a tumor inside pituitary gland causes an overproduction of human growth hormone. This leads to swelling and pain the responsibility of and feet.
Frostbite is another cause of swelling and pain in the possession of and feet.
Blood clots within the veins are another supply of swelling and pain inside limbs. This rarely affects the top of extremities (arms). If might, diseases associated with clotting abnormalities will likely to be suspected.
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (causalgia) is undoubtedly an unusual disorder that translates into swelling and pain within the affected limb. Generally it happens in an arm or a leg, rarely both at the same time. The preceding event is usually some kind of trauma..